• Giving a dignified voice to girls and young women refugees
• Creating awareness and dialogue about protracted refugee syndrome
• Helping people from very different walks of life understand the experiences of young, female refugees
HELPING KYANGWALI SETTLEMENT:
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UN Refugee Agency)
United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
Refugee Education: A Global Review
“How to Help in a Global Crisis” New York Times
International Organizations for Migration publications
Almost 80 percent of all refugee adolescents are out of school,
with girls making up the majority of those excluded from education
“A refugee is someone who, owning to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his (her) nationality, and is unable to or, owning to such fear, is unwilling to avail (himself) of the protection of that country.”
- 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees
THE SCOPE OF THE GLOBAL REFUGEE CRISIS
We are now witnessing the highest levels of displacement on record. An unprecedented 65.3 million people around the world have been forced from home. Among them are nearly 21.3 million refugees, over half of whom are under the age of 18. There are also 10 million stateless people who have been denied a nationality and access to basic rights such as education, healthcare, employment and freedom of movement. In a world where nearly 34,000 people are forcibly displaced every day as a result of conflict or persecution, the work of the UNHCR is more important than ever before. More information
(Source: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)
PROTRACTED REFUGEE SYNDROME
A report by the Executive Committee of UNHCR states: “The consequences of having so many human beings in a static state include wasted lives, squandered resources… camps save lives in the emergency phase (but) as the years go by, they progressively waste these same lives. A refugee may be able to receive assistance, but is prevented from enjoying those rights that would enable him or her to become a productive member of a society. Protracted refugee situations also waste lives by perpetuating poverty: lack of income and assets; voicelessness and powerlessness in the institutions of state and society; and vulnerability to adverse shocks… The prolongation of refugees’ dependence on external assistance also squanders precious resources of host countries, donors and refugees. Limited funds and waning donor commitment only ensure that such situations are perpetuated, not solved.” After years of exile, these symptoms will ingrain themselves into each individual and, while the term Protracted Refugee Syndrome is not actually used in the documents of the UNHCR, many websites equate ‘Protracted refugee situations’ with ‘Protracted Refugee Syndrome’.
THE SITUATION FOR REFUGEES, NON-REFUGEES AND THE LESS FORTUNATE CHILDREN
• 16,000 children die every day, mostly from preventable or treatable causes.
• The births of nearly 230 million children under age 5 worldwide (about one in three) have never been officially recorded, depriving them of their right to a name and nationality.
• 2.4 billion people lack access to improved sanitation, including 946 million who are forced to resort to open defecation for lack of other options.
• Out of an estimated 35 million people living with HIV, over 2 million are 10 to 19 years old, and 56 per cent of them are girls.
• Globally, about one third of women aged 20 to 24 were child brides.
• Every 10 minutes, somewhere in the world, an adolescent girl dies as a result of violence.
• Nearly half of all deaths in children under age 5 are attributable to undernutrition. This translates into the unnecessary loss of about 3 million young lives a year.